Thursday, August 27, 2020
The Differences of Teenagers during the 1940s Compared to Teenagers Today Elizabeth Ann Murphy Keller Regional Gifted Center, Chicago Teacher: Sandra Cap Ã¢â¬Å"TeenagerÃ¢â¬ was not so much as a word until the late 1940s. Zoot suits, bobby-soxers, soft drink shops, don't sound recognizable. These were everything 1940 young people know. A young person's life during the 1940s and today is incredibly extraordinary in the zones of secondary school life and home life. On the off chance that you ventured into a study hall during the 1940s, you may see young ladies making dresses and young men preparing hard in physical education.At Crane Technical High School, physical training was significant on the grounds that the chief needed to save the entirety of the young men fit as a fiddle for war. At Lucy Flower High School for young ladies, the understudies examined cap making, washing, and excellence culture. Likewise, schools that had sewing classes, had a design appear toward the year's e nd where the young men and young ladies the same would mold what they had made. As per the Chicago Teen Exhibit at the Chicago Historical Society, the explanation these classes are so unique in relation to today is Ã¢â¬Å"many poor and foreigner families saw little an incentive in examining subjects like Latin and Botany.Educators realized that youngsters and their folks would pick school over work just on the off chance that it filled a down to earth need. Accordingly, schools offered professional and business courses from dressmaking to accounting. Developing quantities of youngsters before long filled specialized schoolsÃ¢â¬ . Schools showed exercises in family life, cleanliness, and wellbeing. As indicated by Joel Spring this was on the grounds that Ã¢â¬Å"What do we do with 60% of understudies who aren't picking up anything from a school prep educational program? We will give them Ã¢â¬Å"life change educationÃ¢â¬ .In 1940, eight out ten young men who moved on from school di d battle and the greater part of the number of inhabitants in the United States had finished close to eighth grade. In 1945 fifty-one percent of multi year olds were secondary school graduates. Today, in excess of 13 million young people report to open secondary school classes over the United States. The Scholastics Aptitude Tests (SAT) started in 1941. They were utilized as a screening gadget for school affirmation and initially as an Army knowledge test. The SATs are a significant piece of the present youngster's life. To get into a decent school, you eed to excel on the SAT, thinking about 60% of today' s occupations require preparing past secondary school contrasted with only 20% during the 1940s. The present secondary school understudies take classes vastly different than the classes during the 1940s. They take classes, for example, English, Mathematics, Science (one Biology and one Physical Science), U. S. History, Civics, Economics, Physical Education, Health Education, and E lective, Art or Music or Vocational courses, Career and Technical Education, and a Foreign Language. At Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA), a propelled secondary school, understudies take math classes, for example, Mathematics Investigation I to MI IV.They concentrate inside and out arithmetic, and a few understudies even work into the Calculus arrangement of science. IMSA has various study halls, an assembly room, and a pool. During the 1940s, St. Michaels High School had a dim room, an exercise room, a pool, ponies (for horse back riding exercises), and a bowling alley. At St. Michaels, on the main floor, there was the recreation center and the music room, on the second floor the cafeteria, and on the third floor, the library and the science labs. This school is a lot of like todayÃ¢â¬â¢s secondary school aside from the ponies. After school, during the 1940s, an adolescent may return home, change garments, and go to work.If your family was poor, you would buckle dow n after school or you didn't go to class, however worked throughout the day, and the entirety of your profit would go to your family. There were not a great deal of lucrative employments accessible in Chicago during the 1940s. Bill Flanagan, an adolescent kid during the 1940s, claims Ã¢â¬Å"My first authority work, I got when I was 14. I was a waiting assistant at the eatery on the South Side. I got $0. 25 60 minutes. Great cash. I got $5 per week. Obviously, you could take a young lady out on the town for $5. Trust me, $5 was a great deal of cash. Ã¢â¬ Eva Kelley, a young person during the 1940s, was a YMCA storage space orderly for $0. 6 60 minutes. Yvett Moloney, a youthful young person during the late 940s, had an uncommon activity working in a mail request house for $3. 50 every day, and she worked at a phone organization. Different employments did during the 1940s incorporate working at the YMCA and showing swimming, working at a pizza spot, and working at a distribution ce nter. Anna Tyler, an African-American youngster during the 1940s, worked at the men's club as a server, the workplace college club, Wiebolt's as an agent, and a lift administrator. Jerry Warshaw, an adolescent during the 1940s, had various employments: conveyance kid at the fish showcase, a soft drink twitch, at the TreasuryDepartment, and the mail station. His most noteworthy activity was an attendant commander. He had 17 men under him and got paid $0. 45 60 minutes. Today we despite everything have ushers, just they work in execution theaters and at brandishing scenes. Numerous youngsters today work at drive-through eateries and stores, for example, Jewel Osco and Walgreens. Today, most eateries and supermarkets let young people work there as long as they are 16 or more seasoned. Numerous secondary school understudies today volunteer just as have a vocation since administration hours are required to move on from secondary school. As a result of World War II, there was proportionin g and triumph cultivates on the home front.There were scrap drives, war bond drives, and each kind of stamp for food or shoes. Ã¢â¬Å"The normal fuel apportion was three gallons every week; the yearly margarine proportion twelve pounds for each individual, 26 percent not exactly typical; as far as possible for canned products thirty-three pounds, thirteen pounds under common utilization levels; and individuals could purchase just three new matches of shoes a yearÃ¢â¬ , as indicated by student of history Michael Uschan. Contrast that with today. Today you can purchase nearly anything. Ã¢â¬Å"When conventionalists talk about the Family, they mean an utilized Father, a homemaker, and two school-matured children.This profile just fits 5% of United States families today,Ã¢â¬ as indicated by student of history Letty Pogrebin. During the 1940s, youngsters and there guardians were generally exceptionally close. A few guardians who upheld the war exertion left there young people unatten ded. This caused Ã¢â¬Å"renewed social caution about adolescent wrongdoing. To answer the emergency, social direction films appeared in the study hall introduced situations intended to shape high schooler conduct into progressively adequate formsÃ¢â¬ , as indicated by a background marked by American training. From Zoot suits to loose jeans; from sewing classes to science; from radios to TV, a teenagerÃ¢â¬â¢s life during the 1940s is totally different from today. From Susan Ansell Ã¢â¬Å"High School. Instruction Week: High School ReformÃ¢â¬ edweek. organization/setting/points;/issuespage cfm? id+cfm? id+15>, (Oct. 4, 2004); Stephen Feinstein Ã¢â¬Å"Decades of the twentieth Century: the 1940s, from World War II to Jackie Robinson, Chicago Historical Society, Ã¢â¬Å"Teen ChicagoÃ¢â¬ ; Eva Kelley meet, no date. (www. teenchicago. com); Yvett Mohony talk with, (Nov 23, 2002); (www. teenchicago. com), Student HistorianÃ¢â¬â¢s meet with Meghan Murphy, (Oct. 2, 2004); High Scho ol,Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËECS IssueSite: High SchoolÃ¢â¬ , ecs. organization/html/issue. asp? issueID=108 (Sept. 5, 2004); High School Curriculum Introduction, www. u46. k12. il. us/high_school_curriculum_introdu. html> (Oct. 10, 2004); Sara Mondale and Sara B. Patton, School: The Story of American Public Education; Letty C. Pogrebin, Family legislative issues, Love and Power on an Intimate Frontier; Sammy Skobel talk with Nov. 22, 2003. (www. teenchicago. com); Tom Snyder, Ã¢â¬Å"Educational Attainment: Literacy From 1870 to 1979Ã¢â¬ , www. nces. ed. gov/naal/historicaldata/edattain. as quickly as possible (Oct. 4, 2004); Michael V. Uschan; A Cultural History of the United States: Through the Decades the 1940s. ]
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Microbiology Test Questions Essays Microbiology Test Questions Essay Microbiology Test Questions Essay A mind boggling conglomeration of organisms, frequently found on a strong surface, is known as a slim film of microorganisms on the outside of a magnifying instrument slide is a(n) 9. 110. The coagulated covering around the phone mass of numerous microorganisms is called ; a safe, lethargic structure shaped inside a bacterium that secures T I room extraordinary ecological contraltos Is a(n) 1. /12. The study of arranging life forms is known as the investigation of the transformative history of living beings is called Microbiology 233/Dry. Braun/Practice Test #1 2 13. 114. An unadulterated culture of life forms is called a(n) hereditarily related gatherings are called 15. The most elevated level of arrangement is called a(n) SHORT ANSWER. (40 focuses) 16. A. Name the gatherings at the degree of order alluded to in #15. B. What is the reason for recognizing the gatherings at this level? 17. Thoroughly analyze the hypotheses of unconstrained age and bossiness. 18. A. Quickly state Kochs Postulates. B. For what reason are these significant? Mollycoddled 233/Dry. Braun/Practice in case # 19. A. In plunging request, list the 7 significant degrees of characterization. B. Clarify or portray a binomial, in logical terminology. Give 2 explicit models. 20. Rundown the 4 significant gatherings of eukaryotic life forms, and the key qualities of every one. B. Microbiology 233/Dry. Braun/Practice Test #1 4 TRUE/FALSE. (30 focuses) Circle TRUE or FALSE for every announcement. Additional Credit: For every announcement you believe is bogus, right it by intersection out the word(s) that make it bogus and including word(s) to make it valid. Try not to change the entire explanation. 21. Microorganisms are distinguished and ordered by different strategies, including morphological highlights, biochemical tests, differential recoloring and the kind of infection a bacterium is defenseless to. Genuine/FALSE . Strategies for looking at the DNA of various living beings include: DNA fingerprinting, Southern blotching, serological testing and nucleic corrosive residence. Genuine/FALSE . Both DNA and RNA can be utilized to recognize microorganisms. 24. Phylogeny connections can be controlled by an atomic clock, which depends on the way that hereditary changes happen at a genuinely consistent rate after some time. 25. Antiquated incorporate both gram-negative and gram-positive microbes, however none are pathogenic. 26. Photosynthetic microscopic organisms incorporate Contractible, green and purple microbes, and allotrope-microorganisms; oxygen is delivered distinctly by the microscopic organisms that utilization sulfur as an electron acceptor. Gram-positive Etcetera are leave Into 2 gatherings, desert gardens on ten sum AT and cytosine they have in their DNA. Guanine 28. The primary contrast among growths and microbes is the substance organization of their cell dividers. Bogus Microbiology 233/Dry. Braun,prance - rest 5 29. The primary distinction among green growth and plants is that green growth don't have roots, stems and leaves. Protective caps are multicultural eukaryote that have different organ frameworks, aside from arms, which depend on their hosts for indispensable capacities. Parasitic 31. Coordinating. Microscopy (10 focuses) Detailed perspective on inner structures of living organisms. A. Stage differentiate Magnification up to xx; oil improves goals. Electron Darkled Uses 2 light emis sions to improve goals. B. Con-Focal C. Filtering D. E. - push Maps nuclear and atomic shapes; intracellular temperatures. Photon Fluorescence Deep pictures of cells in tissues; dynamic cells continuously. G. Examined Probe Pathogenic organisms inside cells and tissues. Lit up l. Transmission Electron Live microorganisms that can't be seen by different strategies. Checking Acoustic Extremely clear Interference Contrast 2-monsoonal Images. Inconvenient High goals; 3-D see; various layers of an example. Living cells appended to another surface, for example, malignant growth cells and blood vessel plaque. Microbiology 233/Dry. Braun/Practice Test #1 6 32. Rundown the 5 phyla of Bacteria, the key qualities of every one, and a particular model (40 focuses) Phylum Key Characteristics with its significance to people or nature. Explicit living being its significance
Friday, August 21, 2020
How to Manage a Medical Emergency Without Going Bankrupt How to Manage a Medical Emergency Without Going BankruptMedical bankruptcy is a major problem in this country. One study found that medical bills are the largest cause of bankruptcy in America.1 And itâs not just your average Joe or Jane who struggles with medical bills; itâs an issue for some pretty major Joes too.Take former Vice President Joe Biden, who said that he and his wife would have had to sell their house to cover the cost of their late sonâs medical bills had then-President Obama not offered to help.If even the vice president can struggle with medical bills, what can you do, right now, within the current system, to protect yourself from medical bankruptcy? Well, weâve got some tips to help you make the best of a potentially difficult situation.Prepare an emergency fund. Really.If youâre not dealing with a medical emergency right at this moment, consider starting an emergency fund.Unfortunately, you never know what can happen, andâ"if you have anything you can spareâ"putting aside even a smaller amount of money each month can be a literal lifesaver.As Kimberly Palmer (@KimberlyPalmer), author of Smart Mom, Rich Mom: How to Build Wealth While Raising a Family, told us, âThe best advice is to always build up an emergency fund so you donât have to go into debt when you have an unexpected expense like a medical bill. Saving at least three to six monthsâ worth of expenses is a good goal, and even if you donât need it, it gives you peace of mind.â You can check out Palmerâs website for more info and insight.Michael Banks, founder of FortunateInvestor.com (@FortunateInvest), offered similar advice: âCreate an emergency fund to address any unforeseen expensesâ"including medical emergencies. You should have enough savings to cover six monthâs worth of basic living expenses. (If youâre a freelancer, or contractor, save the equivalent of nine months.) This will provide you with quick access to cash, reduce your stress levels, and buy you additional time to discuss payment options with your medical provider.But hindsight is 20/20 (weâll deal with vision-related expenses in a different post). What should you do if youâre dealing with a medical emergency right now and donât have the funds saved up to pay for it?Carefully look over those bills!Reading over your bills seems like an obvious suggestion, but itâs still an important step, as certified financial educator Maggie Germano (@MaggieGermano) told us. âI think the first thing to do when you have a medical emergency, is to pay close attention to any bills you get. Sometimes, insurance companies or doctorsâ offices make mistakes they donât realize. They may have simply miscoded something.âItâs up to you to follow up and make sure they arenât charging you when they shouldnât be,â Germano advised.Medical bills can be pretty complex, especially if you or your loved one had to go through multiple procedures. Ask the staff at the doctorâs office to go over the bill with you so you can raise your concerns if you notice any discrepancies.Set up a reasonable repayment plan.Most doctors would rather see you pay your bill than watch you go through bankruptcy. Thatâs why Germano says that they may be willing to work out a payment plan:âIf you canât afford the bill, try to set up a payment plan with the provider. Most medical centers just want to get paid eventually, so they should work with you to make it easier to pay. Figure out a monthly payment amount that would be comfortable with you and commit to paying that until the bill is paid off. Get the agreement in writing and make sure they send you a confirmation e-mail or letter whenever you make a payment. This will prevent them from accusing you of not paying what you owe. You also want to have this agreement so that they donât send the bill to collections, which will hurt your credit score.âYour medical provider may or may not be willing to work out a plan l ike this, but thereâs no reason not to ask!Never, never, never turn to a payday lender.If youâre having trouble dealing with medical bills and donât have great credit, you might be tempted to turn to payday lenders.They offer short payment terms with very high interest rates, and if you donât pay back the full amount with interest and fees in time, youâll have to pay an additional fee to extend the loan.This is how a lot of people get trapped in a cycle of debt.If you do need help and donât have any family or friends you can borrow from, you might consider an installment loan. These loans have longer payment terms, and the best lenders will work with you to determine a payment plan you can handle, even if your medical provider wonât.Make sure the loan is amortizing, which means youâll be paying off both interest and part of the original amount of the loan, or principal, with every payment so you donât end up stuck in debt.If the lender reports your payments to the credit bureaus so you can build up your credit score, thatâs even better.Stay safe!Medical emergencies are, sadly, a fact of life. With some preparation and a good game plan, you can hopefully keep that medical emergency from also becoming a financial one.Be healthy, and stay safe out there!Visit OppLoans on YouTube | Facebook | Twitter | LinkedINContributorsMichael Banks is a seasoned finance professional and founder of FortunateInvestor.com. With 20 years of professional experience in the financial services industry, he uses his expertise to turn simple lessons on money into lifelong habits that form the basis for a successful financial future.Maggie Germano is a Certified Financial Education Instructor and financial coach for women. Her mission is to give women the support and tools that they need to take control of their money, break the taboo of discussing debt and income, and achieve their goals and dreams. She does this through one-on-one financial coaching, monthly Money Circle gatherings, her weekly Money Monday newsletter, and speaking engagements. To learn more, or to schedule a free discovery call, visit MaggieGermano.com.Kimberly Palmer writes about making smart money and life choices. Her new personal finance guide for moms, Smart Mom, Rich Mom is now available! The New York Times calls it solid and witty and Foreword Reviews says it brings out the fun in funds. Publishers Weekly calls it an excellent book and invaluable resource that does much more than fill a niche; it bridges a huge gap.She is now a features editor on the money team at AARP (@AARP), where her focus is on work jobs content.References:1 Mangan, Dan. âMedical Bills Are The Biggest Cause of US Bankruptcies: Studyâ CNBC accessed on April 5, 2017 from: http://www.cnbc.com/id/100840148
Monday, May 25, 2020
To change Columbus Day to no longer be a holiday would be turning a blind eye to a difficult history, yet still turning that eye away from a history with a side to be celebrated. I instead ask of you to celebrate Columbus Day, learn the full history, including the wrong doings of Columbus and his crew, and celebrate the good change brought about by this event that ultimately led to the lifestyle you lead today. If the wrongs of every event in history were to be scrutinized would we have a history left to celebrate? Think of the reasons why we celebrate a moment in history, and then think why we have not excluded that from our celebrations. I believe it is to celebrate the good times and the bad and to never forget why we are here in thisÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Even when we look at something in a holiday that isnÃ¢â¬â¢t negative, like the Christmas tree, which there arenÃ¢â¬â¢t conifers in Jerusalem, it shows how much our holidays can be skewed from a tradition which was or iginally practiced. Even the other holidays honoring great men can have a darker side. MLK day for example; Martin Luther King, or Michael Luther King, was under scrutiny because his doctorate had blatant plagiarism, also his Ã¢â¬Å"I Have a DreamÃ¢â¬ speech was plagiarized from a pastor from his church he attended. This shows that history and the light we view people in can be skewed to retain the honor or the pomp and circumstance that comes with remembering the good brought about by their achievements. Beyond the fact that Columbus was not the first person to discover the Americas, he was the man that brought about European civilization to America and their fascination with conquering a new world. His wrong doings, which include, letting his crew rape, pillage and plunder the Bahamas, should not outweigh the good that coming to America brought for us as Americans who, without European influence may not have progressed quite as far or in the circumstances we did. As with the Colombian exchange that was brought about by ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢ venture to the Americas it is a box of good and evil. With the disease and captured indigenous people, the Columbian Exchange brought a trade of new plants and animals and ideas to furtherShow MoreRelated Columbus Day Debate Essay695 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The spirit and values of a nation are reflected in the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s heroes. Christopher Columbus has been regarded as an American hero since 1792. Every year Columbus Day is held on the second Monday in October to honor the man and his legacy. However, many people debate whether or not Columbus Day should be celebrated. I believe that Columbus Day should be celebrated in the United States because he opened up the New World to Europe, inspired a spirit of exploration andRead MoreEssay on The Debate about Honoring Christopher Columbus512 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesthe great explorer who discovered America, Christopher Columbus. Tales of his many voyages and the names of his ships the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria are engrained into the minds of children through rhyme and song. For many years the history written in text books have been regard as fact however information provided by Howard Zinn excerpt has shed new light on the shadowy past of Christopher Columbus. In recent history, Christopher Columbus has been regarded as a great explorer renowned for hisRead MoreWe Should Abolish Columbus Day1389 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages2016 We Should Abolish Columbus Day Only two federal holidays in the United States bear the name of two specific men, ironically one of them fought racism -- Martin Luther King Jr., and the other was a genocidal racist Ã¢â¬â Chistopher Columbus. Opposition to Columbus Day (observed on the second Monday of October) has intensified in recent decades, while the former passes each year with relatively little controversy. The issue of if we should still celebrate Columbus Day is widely discussed. TheRead MoreEssay On Christopher Columbus1530 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWe were taught in school the saying, In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue, to help us remember when Christopher Columbus discovered America. We learned the Spanish monarchy funded him and he set sail on the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria in hopes of finding a route to the riches that were in the west indies. He landed on an island, and this was how what we know as America was discovered and referenced as the New World. We even have a day set aside here in the United States to celebrateRead MoreSpeech On Columbus Day1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesevery year on this day, Columbus Day, citizens across the nation are addressed with the issue of the Ã¢â¬Å"History of the West.Ã¢â¬ On one of our districtÃ¢â¬â¢s campuses this morning, Native American and white students got into a large disagreement about the true happenings of the Ã¢â¬Å"History of the West.Ã¢â¬ For Native American students, Columbus Day is a day of mourning where these students and families think about the near genocide of their people and culture. For white students, Columbus day can make the studentRead MoreChristopher Columbus and His Legacy: Positive vs. Negative Essay1435 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswill have learned about the famous maritime explorer and navigator, Christopher Columbus. Born in 1451, Columbus was a Genoese captain commissioned by the king and queen of Spain to find a route to the Indies. However, he sailed the opposite direction of his intended g oal by crossing the Atlantic and landing in the Americas, resulting in the discovery of the New World for Spain. Like all major figures in history, Columbus has left behind a legacy that people will always remember him for. The natureRead MoreHow Do Americans View George Washington and Christopher Columbus Today?772 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWashington had an impact on America during the late 1700Ã¢â¬â¢s, and Columbus had an impact on what he hoped was the West Indies in the late 1400Ã¢â¬â¢s and early 1500Ã¢â¬â¢s. George Washington and Christopher Columbus are viewed in two complete different ways. Columbus found America and brought the early English settlements over. Washington helped found our country. However even though both men affected our country both are viewed differently than today. George Washington set a legacy that we are still followingRead MoreChristopher Columbus s The New World1619 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Federal holiday of Ã¢â¬ËChristopher Columbus DayÃ¢â¬â¢ is celebrated on the second Monday of October because of ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËdiscoveriesÃ¢â¬â¢ of the Americas in the New World. What most people do not know is that Christopher ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢s intentions were only for the betterment of himself. Columbus was a devout Catholic and could have been looking to spread the word of God to the Ã¢â¬ËIndiesÃ¢â¬â¢, his main goal was to find a water route from Europe to the West Indies. How did Christopher ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢s motives impact theRead MoreChristopher Columbus A Hero And Founder Of The New World1569 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWas Christopher Columbus a hero and founder of the new world or villainous destroyer of indigenous people? There is much controversy and debate around this man. Many people believe that ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢s discoverie s were falsified or over exaggerated and that his misdeeds are left untold. Others believe that he was a great explorer and was responsible for the discovery and shaping of the new world. Is Christopher Columbus the brave explorer who ushered in the Ã¢â¬Å"age of explorationÃ¢â¬ , or was he the brutal andRead MoreMartin Luther Pros914 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The lives and choices of Christopher Columbus, Suleiman I, and Martin Luther were all exceptionally sagacious, but one man had the self-motivation to speak of his own ideas. Sent by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, Christopher Columbus sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492 in search of India. The nobles were hoping to find new land that Spain could take under their control and organize the new settlement with an economy functioning under mercantilism. Moving on, Suleiman I was
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The bakufu wasÃ the military government of Japan between 1192 and 1868, headed by the shogun. Prior to 1192,Ã the bakufuÃ¢â¬âalso known as shogonateÃ¢â¬âwas responsible only for warfare and policing and was firmly subordinate to the imperial court. Over the centuries, however, the bakufus powers expanded, and it became, effectively, the ruler of Japan for nearly 700 years. Kamakura Period Saurai protecting royal carriage durring the Burning of the Sanjo Palace. Corbis / VCGÃ / Getty Images Beginning with the Kamakura bakufu in 1192, shoguns ruled Japan while emperorsÃ were mere figureheads.The key figure in the period, which lasted until 1333, wasÃ Minamoto Yoritomo, who ruled from 1192 to 1199 from his family seat at Kamakura, about 30 miles south of Tokyo. During this time, Japanese warlords claimed power from the hereditary monarchy and their scholar-courtiers, giving the samurai warriorsÃ¢â¬â and their lordsÃ¢â¬â ultimate control of the country. Society, too, changed radically, and a newÃ feudal systemÃ emerged. The Ashikaga Shogonate After years of civil strife, precipitated by the invasion of the Mongols in the late 1200s,Ã Ashikaga TakaujiÃ overthrew the Kamakura bakufu andÃ established his own shogunate in Kyoto in 1336.Ã The Ashikaga bakufuÃ¢â¬âÃ or shogonateÃ¢â¬âruledÃ Japan until 1573. Ahsikaga Takauji. Ã¦â" ¥Ã¦Å" ¬Ã¨ ªÅ¾: Ã¤ ¸ Ã¦ËÅ½ / Public domain /Ã Wikimedia CommonsÃ However, it was not a strong central governing force, and in fact, the Ashikaga bakufu witnessed the rise of powerful daimyoÃ all around the country. These regional lords reigned over their domains with very little interference from theÃ bakufu in Kyoto. Tokugawa Shoguns Toward the end of the Ashikaga bakufu,Ã and for years thereafter, Japan suffered through nearly 100 years of civil war, fueled mainly by the increasing power of the daimyo. Indeed, the civil war was sparked by the ruling bakufus struggle to bring the warringÃ daimyo back under central control. Tokugawa Ieyasu. KanÃ TanyÃ « / Public domain / Wikimedia Common In 1603, however, Tokugawa Ieyasu completed this task and established the Tokugawa shogunateÃ¢â¬âor bakufuÃ¢â¬âwhich would rule in the emperors name for 265 years. Life in Tokugawa Japan was peaceful but heavily controlled by the shogunal government, but after a century of chaotic warfare, the peace was a much-needed respite. Fall of the Bakufu When U.S.Commodore Matthew PerryÃ steamed into Edo Bay (Tokyo Bay) in 1853 and demanded thatÃ Tokugawa JapanÃ allow foreign powers access to trade, he unwittingly sparked a chain of events that led to Japans rise as a modern imperial power and the fall of the bakufu. Japans political elites realized that the U.S. and other countries were ahead of Japan in terms of military technology and felt threatened by western imperialism. After all, powerfulÃ Qing ChinaÃ had been brought to its knees by Britain just 14 years earlier in theÃ First Opium WarÃ and would soon lose the Second Opium War as well. Meiji Restoration Rather than suffer a similar fate, some of Japans elites sought to close the doors even tighter against foreign influence, but the more foresighted began to plan a modernization drive. They felt that it was important to have a strong emperor at the center of Japans political organization to project Japanese power and fend off Western imperialism. As a result, in 1868, the Meiji Restoration extinguished the bakufus authority and returned political power to the emperor. And, nearly 700 years of Japanese rule by the bakufuÃ came to a sudden end.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Cultures using hyphenated forms of Ã¢â¬Å"American,Ã¢â¬ such as Mexican-American, African-American, Asian-American, Native-American and many more is a step in the right direction for culture acceptance. With this positive move in the world, there could be a change in how cultures view themselves, leading to how others view them. The multicultural society has to take into account for this change because without their acceptance it would just be hate. Bharati Mukherjee in her essay Ã¢â¬Å"American Dreamer,Ã¢â¬ asserts, Ã¢â¬Å"WE MUST BE ALERT TO THE DANGERS OF AN Ã¢â¬ËUSÃ¢â¬â¢ vs. Ã¢â¬ËTHEMÃ¢â¬â¢ MENTALITY.Ã¢â¬ Although Mukherjee has a great point here, I have to disagree. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t feel that we have to be aware of the Ã¢â¬ËUSÃ¢â¬â¢ versus Ã¢â¬ËTHEMÃ¢â¬â¢ mentality with the change in cultural acceptance. Count Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859) was a part of the French government and held many positions as a magistrate and political observer. Most of his observations were done on political observations and writings workings of the United States. After some time, he became a reliable source for historical and contemporary aspects of American culture. In Origin of Anglo-Americans Tocqueville makes an excellent point, Ã¢â¬Å"America is the only country in which it has been possible to witness the natural tranquil growth of society.Ã¢â¬ (121) The idea of growth within the society goes with culture diversity, without culture you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have much of a society. For example, living in California most of my life there are many diverse cultures thatShow MoreRelatedThe United States1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthat would affect the actions and history of the United States in the future. According to The Wordy Shipmates author Sarah Vowell, those colonists began the way the United States would be unique and not conform to what other countries do and this is shown in the actions the United States has taken throughout its history. Instead of conforming, most of the goals of the United States have been to allow other nations to conform to the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ image. Yet, those colonists who were being sent offRead MoreThe United States915 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCheyanne Sitch Pod Cast 4 Ã¢â¬Å"The United States we stand at this moment at the summit of this worldÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âWinston Churchill. 1940 was the last year before the United States fully engaged themselves into the war. At this time the US was dealing with its 11th year of the depression. 1/7th of the population was unemployed at this time. This meant that nearly 14% of the workforce was unemployed in 1940 compared to the average of 17% in 1930. During this time the federal government did not maintain a povertyRead MoreThe United States949 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s, the United States has expanded their trading routes with oriental lands such as the Philippines. A striking speech, delivered by a first-term republican senator, Albert J. Beveridge, strongly advocates the annexation of the Philippine islands to the USA. The most striking points about the senatorÃ¢â¬â¢s speech are his three poorly thought out reasons justifying Americans to colonize the Philippines, which were religion, pr ofit, and race. The reason was for the American imperialism, whichRead MoreThe United States1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The Oxford Dictionary defines Wisdom as the quality of having experience, knowledge, and good judgment. Looking over the history of the United States, it can be argued that as a nation, the U.S has grown wiser over the years. This due to the various obstacles that theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve overcome. Many of which were conflicts that arose with other countries and, at one point, within itself. 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An acute response of the musculoskeletal system during exercise includes an increase in blood supply. The short term effects on your muscles increases the temperature therefore there is more activation energy so chemical reactions are used by the musculoskeletal system and the metabolic activity increases. As the oxygen demand increases, more oxygenated blood needs to be supplied to the muscles so vasodilatation occurs so more blood can pass through the arteries. This affected me during the bleep test because vasodilation allows more oxygenated blood to travel to the actively respiring muscle tissues. Other acute responses which occur to the musculoskeletal system during exercise include an increase in muscle pliability. If your muscles get warmer because of the contraction temperature is going to rise this makes them more pliable and reduces the risk of injury. Pliability is the stretchiness of the muscles. There is also an increase in the synovial fluid at the joint. We will write a custom essay sample on Unit 2 repsonse of acute excerise or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The short term effects of exercise on your muscle may result in the joints become less viscous because the fluid allows a larger range of movement and pliability. The musculoskeletal response has an effect on the flexibility of the muscles during and after exercise. During exercise I got 18 cm in the sit and reach test and post exercise was 17 cm this shows that exercise has an effect on muscle pliability during acute exercise. Muscle fibre micro tears During exercise your muscles are put under stress due to constant contractions this stress can then lead to tears in the muscle fibres, if the body has the correct nutrients during recovery periods the muscle can then repair itself and become stronger this can lead to a increase in muscular endurance. During acute exercise the energy system that is used within the first 10 seconds is the creatine phosphate system this for example a dancer would be able to stretch the muscles apart more and would be able to perform things such as splits. Exercise also causes our body to produce more synovial fluid which keeps are joints lubricated so the bones dont cause damage when rubbing against each other, this mainly happens in the knees but also in other joints enegery system Another effect on muscles is that they have increased blood flow allowing them to create more ATP in the muscle cells which thereby creates more energy for our muscles to use for exercise. Which is why our muscles warm up so much when exercising since so much warm blood gets pumped to our moving muscles which also create friction between the muscle fibers. This relates to why it is so important for athletes to warm up so they dont tear any muscles and can generate quicker and more accurate movements and also move in a wider range of movement and making our muscles more efficient. The main short term effect that happens to the cardiovascular system is our heart rate increases during exercise. Depending on how hard your working our heart rate will increase, if your exercising hard for long periods our heart rate will keep increasing until reaching a peak. Cardiovascular Another short term effect is that when we exercise our blood pressure increases since our heart pumps faster. Which then increases our flow rate which increases the speed at which blood is delivered to our muscles Vasodilation and vasoconstriction is what make the blood travel to were it is needed such as our muscles, lungs and hearts and away from were it is not needed such as inactive organs which makes the system more efficient Another short term effect is that the blood vessels in our skin dilate to let more blood come to the surface of our skin which helps keep ourselves cool during exercise, since exercise generates heat in our muscles. All types of exercise require energy but the amount needed depends on the intensity and duration. exercises such as 100M sprints need alot of energy for a short duration of time, but events like marathons require a medium, consistent energy supply for a long period of time, and all enegy is used to contract muscles. Energy comes from a few things. From our diet, mostly carbohydrates such as potatos or pasta, but also comes from the oxygen in the air we breath Energy Inside the cells in the muscles is an organelle called mitochondria which turns the oxygen into ATP which is then used as the fuel for energy. Creatine phosphate energy system This energy system is an instant energy and is used for exercises that require short bursts of hard energy like sprinting. The primary source of this system is ATP and is boosted by creatine. A supplement which is high in creatine is taken by professional runners such as Usain Bolt and creatine increases the energy his muscles can store at one moment, so when the ATP is running low creatine helps resupply the ATP, and more creatine means you would be able to sprint faster or lift heavier weights. When you use up all the creatine, you start to become fatigued and exhausted and start to slow down and move to the aerobic system. Lactic acid system be best for a 400M sprint, but it wouldnt be good for any long term events the energy comes from the breakdown of glucose and glycogen which produce ATP and no oxygen is used in this process so the body is working anaerobically. The system can put up with 60-90 seconds of high intensity work and can be done on this system. However the problem with this system is that it produces lactic acid which defuses into the blood and muscles. However if it doesnt defuse it builds up and can cause discomfort in the muscles and muscles dont contract properly and causes cramps, the easiest way to get rid of lactic acid is to exercise more and make sure you do a good cool down after exercise. Running on this system can cause fatigue and you will need to slow down and move to aerobic. Aerobic energy system Aerobic energy system This system is used in long distances of exercise as it uses oxygen which we have no shortage of and is constantly available it would be used in places such as marathons, as you are running at a steady pace for a long duration of time and dont require bursts of energy. during everyday exercise such as walking to work this system is used however this energy system is slow to produce energy so the body also breaks down any food and stored fat to help this energy system keep up with demands. When at a slow pace your body would use fat as the energy source and would brake it down with enzymes, but if you are on this system and speed up you will move on to your lactic acid system. There are a few short term effect of exercise on the respiratory system respiratory system] There are a few short term effect of exercise on the respiratory system, the most common being that when we exercise we breath more deeply and faster in order to take in more oxygen and release carbon dioxide which is called our tidal volume. On average at resting rates we take in around 15 breaths per minute, but when we exercise this increases. Another effect would be that the diaphragm muscles work harder and stretch further in order for the lungs to expand more and take more air in at once. as we exercise at a high capacity our breathing rate increases by a lot but each person has there own maximum breathing rate which is called VO2 maximum. So during exercise vital capacity increases to keep up with demands for energy being used by our muscles.