Monday, May 25, 2020
To change Columbus Day to no longer be a holiday would be turning a blind eye to a difficult history, yet still turning that eye away from a history with a side to be celebrated. I instead ask of you to celebrate Columbus Day, learn the full history, including the wrong doings of Columbus and his crew, and celebrate the good change brought about by this event that ultimately led to the lifestyle you lead today. If the wrongs of every event in history were to be scrutinized would we have a history left to celebrate? Think of the reasons why we celebrate a moment in history, and then think why we have not excluded that from our celebrations. I believe it is to celebrate the good times and the bad and to never forget why we are here in thisÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Even when we look at something in a holiday that isnÃ¢â¬â¢t negative, like the Christmas tree, which there arenÃ¢â¬â¢t conifers in Jerusalem, it shows how much our holidays can be skewed from a tradition which was or iginally practiced. Even the other holidays honoring great men can have a darker side. MLK day for example; Martin Luther King, or Michael Luther King, was under scrutiny because his doctorate had blatant plagiarism, also his Ã¢â¬Å"I Have a DreamÃ¢â¬ speech was plagiarized from a pastor from his church he attended. This shows that history and the light we view people in can be skewed to retain the honor or the pomp and circumstance that comes with remembering the good brought about by their achievements. Beyond the fact that Columbus was not the first person to discover the Americas, he was the man that brought about European civilization to America and their fascination with conquering a new world. His wrong doings, which include, letting his crew rape, pillage and plunder the Bahamas, should not outweigh the good that coming to America brought for us as Americans who, without European influence may not have progressed quite as far or in the circumstances we did. As with the Colombian exchange that was brought about by ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢ venture to the Americas it is a box of good and evil. With the disease and captured indigenous people, the Columbian Exchange brought a trade of new plants and animals and ideas to furtherShow MoreRelated Columbus Day Debate Essay695 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The spirit and values of a nation are reflected in the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s heroes. Christopher Columbus has been regarded as an American hero since 1792. Every year Columbus Day is held on the second Monday in October to honor the man and his legacy. However, many people debate whether or not Columbus Day should be celebrated. I believe that Columbus Day should be celebrated in the United States because he opened up the New World to Europe, inspired a spirit of exploration andRead MoreEssay on The Debate about Honoring Christopher Columbus512 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesthe great explorer who discovered America, Christopher Columbus. Tales of his many voyages and the names of his ships the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria are engrained into the minds of children through rhyme and song. For many years the history written in text books have been regard as fact however information provided by Howard Zinn excerpt has shed new light on the shadowy past of Christopher Columbus. In recent history, Christopher Columbus has been regarded as a great explorer renowned for hisRead MoreWe Should Abolish Columbus Day1389 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages2016 We Should Abolish Columbus Day Only two federal holidays in the United States bear the name of two specific men, ironically one of them fought racism -- Martin Luther King Jr., and the other was a genocidal racist Ã¢â¬â Chistopher Columbus. Opposition to Columbus Day (observed on the second Monday of October) has intensified in recent decades, while the former passes each year with relatively little controversy. The issue of if we should still celebrate Columbus Day is widely discussed. TheRead MoreEssay On Christopher Columbus1530 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWe were taught in school the saying, In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue, to help us remember when Christopher Columbus discovered America. We learned the Spanish monarchy funded him and he set sail on the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria in hopes of finding a route to the riches that were in the west indies. He landed on an island, and this was how what we know as America was discovered and referenced as the New World. We even have a day set aside here in the United States to celebrateRead MoreSpeech On Columbus Day1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesevery year on this day, Columbus Day, citizens across the nation are addressed with the issue of the Ã¢â¬Å"History of the West.Ã¢â¬ On one of our districtÃ¢â¬â¢s campuses this morning, Native American and white students got into a large disagreement about the true happenings of the Ã¢â¬Å"History of the West.Ã¢â¬ For Native American students, Columbus Day is a day of mourning where these students and families think about the near genocide of their people and culture. For white students, Columbus day can make the studentRead MoreChristopher Columbus and His Legacy: Positive vs. Negative Essay1435 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswill have learned about the famous maritime explorer and navigator, Christopher Columbus. Born in 1451, Columbus was a Genoese captain commissioned by the king and queen of Spain to find a route to the Indies. However, he sailed the opposite direction of his intended g oal by crossing the Atlantic and landing in the Americas, resulting in the discovery of the New World for Spain. Like all major figures in history, Columbus has left behind a legacy that people will always remember him for. The natureRead MoreHow Do Americans View George Washington and Christopher Columbus Today?772 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWashington had an impact on America during the late 1700Ã¢â¬â¢s, and Columbus had an impact on what he hoped was the West Indies in the late 1400Ã¢â¬â¢s and early 1500Ã¢â¬â¢s. George Washington and Christopher Columbus are viewed in two complete different ways. Columbus found America and brought the early English settlements over. Washington helped found our country. However even though both men affected our country both are viewed differently than today. George Washington set a legacy that we are still followingRead MoreChristopher Columbus s The New World1619 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Federal holiday of Ã¢â¬ËChristopher Columbus DayÃ¢â¬â¢ is celebrated on the second Monday of October because of ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËdiscoveriesÃ¢â¬â¢ of the Americas in the New World. What most people do not know is that Christopher ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢s intentions were only for the betterment of himself. Columbus was a devout Catholic and could have been looking to spread the word of God to the Ã¢â¬ËIndiesÃ¢â¬â¢, his main goal was to find a water route from Europe to the West Indies. How did Christopher ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢s motives impact theRead MoreChristopher Columbus A Hero And Founder Of The New World1569 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWas Christopher Columbus a hero and founder of the new world or villainous destroyer of indigenous people? There is much controversy and debate around this man. Many people believe that ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢s discoverie s were falsified or over exaggerated and that his misdeeds are left untold. Others believe that he was a great explorer and was responsible for the discovery and shaping of the new world. Is Christopher Columbus the brave explorer who ushered in the Ã¢â¬Å"age of explorationÃ¢â¬ , or was he the brutal andRead MoreMartin Luther Pros914 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The lives and choices of Christopher Columbus, Suleiman I, and Martin Luther were all exceptionally sagacious, but one man had the self-motivation to speak of his own ideas. Sent by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, Christopher Columbus sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492 in search of India. The nobles were hoping to find new land that Spain could take under their control and organize the new settlement with an economy functioning under mercantilism. Moving on, Suleiman I was
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The bakufu wasÃ the military government of Japan between 1192 and 1868, headed by the shogun. Prior to 1192,Ã the bakufuÃ¢â¬âalso known as shogonateÃ¢â¬âwas responsible only for warfare and policing and was firmly subordinate to the imperial court. Over the centuries, however, the bakufus powers expanded, and it became, effectively, the ruler of Japan for nearly 700 years. Kamakura Period Saurai protecting royal carriage durring the Burning of the Sanjo Palace. Corbis / VCGÃ / Getty Images Beginning with the Kamakura bakufu in 1192, shoguns ruled Japan while emperorsÃ were mere figureheads.The key figure in the period, which lasted until 1333, wasÃ Minamoto Yoritomo, who ruled from 1192 to 1199 from his family seat at Kamakura, about 30 miles south of Tokyo. During this time, Japanese warlords claimed power from the hereditary monarchy and their scholar-courtiers, giving the samurai warriorsÃ¢â¬â and their lordsÃ¢â¬â ultimate control of the country. Society, too, changed radically, and a newÃ feudal systemÃ emerged. The Ashikaga Shogonate After years of civil strife, precipitated by the invasion of the Mongols in the late 1200s,Ã Ashikaga TakaujiÃ overthrew the Kamakura bakufu andÃ established his own shogunate in Kyoto in 1336.Ã The Ashikaga bakufuÃ¢â¬âÃ or shogonateÃ¢â¬âruledÃ Japan until 1573. Ahsikaga Takauji. Ã¦â" ¥Ã¦Å" ¬Ã¨ ªÅ¾: Ã¤ ¸ Ã¦ËÅ½ / Public domain /Ã Wikimedia CommonsÃ However, it was not a strong central governing force, and in fact, the Ashikaga bakufu witnessed the rise of powerful daimyoÃ all around the country. These regional lords reigned over their domains with very little interference from theÃ bakufu in Kyoto. Tokugawa Shoguns Toward the end of the Ashikaga bakufu,Ã and for years thereafter, Japan suffered through nearly 100 years of civil war, fueled mainly by the increasing power of the daimyo. Indeed, the civil war was sparked by the ruling bakufus struggle to bring the warringÃ daimyo back under central control. Tokugawa Ieyasu. KanÃ TanyÃ « / Public domain / Wikimedia Common In 1603, however, Tokugawa Ieyasu completed this task and established the Tokugawa shogunateÃ¢â¬âor bakufuÃ¢â¬âwhich would rule in the emperors name for 265 years. Life in Tokugawa Japan was peaceful but heavily controlled by the shogunal government, but after a century of chaotic warfare, the peace was a much-needed respite. Fall of the Bakufu When U.S.Commodore Matthew PerryÃ steamed into Edo Bay (Tokyo Bay) in 1853 and demanded thatÃ Tokugawa JapanÃ allow foreign powers access to trade, he unwittingly sparked a chain of events that led to Japans rise as a modern imperial power and the fall of the bakufu. Japans political elites realized that the U.S. and other countries were ahead of Japan in terms of military technology and felt threatened by western imperialism. After all, powerfulÃ Qing ChinaÃ had been brought to its knees by Britain just 14 years earlier in theÃ First Opium WarÃ and would soon lose the Second Opium War as well. Meiji Restoration Rather than suffer a similar fate, some of Japans elites sought to close the doors even tighter against foreign influence, but the more foresighted began to plan a modernization drive. They felt that it was important to have a strong emperor at the center of Japans political organization to project Japanese power and fend off Western imperialism. As a result, in 1868, the Meiji Restoration extinguished the bakufus authority and returned political power to the emperor. And, nearly 700 years of Japanese rule by the bakufuÃ came to a sudden end.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Cultures using hyphenated forms of Ã¢â¬Å"American,Ã¢â¬ such as Mexican-American, African-American, Asian-American, Native-American and many more is a step in the right direction for culture acceptance. With this positive move in the world, there could be a change in how cultures view themselves, leading to how others view them. The multicultural society has to take into account for this change because without their acceptance it would just be hate. Bharati Mukherjee in her essay Ã¢â¬Å"American Dreamer,Ã¢â¬ asserts, Ã¢â¬Å"WE MUST BE ALERT TO THE DANGERS OF AN Ã¢â¬ËUSÃ¢â¬â¢ vs. Ã¢â¬ËTHEMÃ¢â¬â¢ MENTALITY.Ã¢â¬ Although Mukherjee has a great point here, I have to disagree. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t feel that we have to be aware of the Ã¢â¬ËUSÃ¢â¬â¢ versus Ã¢â¬ËTHEMÃ¢â¬â¢ mentality with the change in cultural acceptance. Count Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859) was a part of the French government and held many positions as a magistrate and political observer. Most of his observations were done on political observations and writings workings of the United States. After some time, he became a reliable source for historical and contemporary aspects of American culture. In Origin of Anglo-Americans Tocqueville makes an excellent point, Ã¢â¬Å"America is the only country in which it has been possible to witness the natural tranquil growth of society.Ã¢â¬ (121) The idea of growth within the society goes with culture diversity, without culture you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have much of a society. For example, living in California most of my life there are many diverse cultures thatShow MoreRelatedThe United States1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthat would affect the actions and history of the United States in the future. According to The Wordy Shipmates author Sarah Vowell, those colonists began the way the United States would be unique and not conform to what other countries do and this is shown in the actions the United States has taken throughout its history. Instead of conforming, most of the goals of the United States have been to allow other nations to conform to the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ image. Yet, those colonists who were being sent offRead MoreThe United States915 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCheyanne Sitch Pod Cast 4 Ã¢â¬Å"The United States we stand at this moment at the summit of this worldÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âWinston Churchill. 1940 was the last year before the United States fully engaged themselves into the war. At this time the US was dealing with its 11th year of the depression. 1/7th of the population was unemployed at this time. This meant that nearly 14% of the workforce was unemployed in 1940 compared to the average of 17% in 1930. During this time the federal government did not maintain a povertyRead MoreThe United States949 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s, the United States has expanded their trading routes with oriental lands such as the Philippines. A striking speech, delivered by a first-term republican senator, Albert J. Beveridge, strongly advocates the annexation of the Philippine islands to the USA. The most striking points about the senatorÃ¢â¬â¢s speech are his three poorly thought out reasons justifying Americans to colonize the Philippines, which were religion, pr ofit, and race. The reason was for the American imperialism, whichRead MoreThe United States1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The Oxford Dictionary defines Wisdom as the quality of having experience, knowledge, and good judgment. Looking over the history of the United States, it can be argued that as a nation, the U.S has grown wiser over the years. This due to the various obstacles that theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve overcome. Many of which were conflicts that arose with other countries and, at one point, within itself. All of the decisions made during these times of tension and overall crisis, even though at the moment very difficult to getRead MoreThe United States1267 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFollowing nearly six decades of severed diplomatic relations, President Obama announced in September 2015 that the United States would loosen a variety of economic restrictions on Cuba. This announcement came in the wake of a Ã¢â¬Å"diplomatic thawÃ¢â¬ beginning in December 2014 with the intention of normalizing political, socia l, and economic relations between the two nations. While Cuba remains under restrictions imposed by the 1960 Cuban Embargo, the steps taken by the Obama administration represent aRead MoreThe United States1263 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThrough political and racial attitudes that have persisted from our countries inception, these issues have evolved into the education system that is in place today, a system that is flawed and needs much revision. The Declaration of Independence states that all Americans are entitled to Ã¢â¬Å"Life, Liberty, and Property,Ã¢â¬ and while, in the modern era, it is widely believed that educations is part of those rights, this was not always the case. For example, the case that gave rise to one of the most infamousRead MoreThe United States1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Over the centuries, the United States has developed a rich political culture which includes a number of center principles and standards that act as the foundation of American democracy. Not all Americans embrace similar perspectives, of course, but the vast majority agree and accept these collective values. The ideals of equality, unity, liberty, democracy, diversity and individualism are deeply a part of the institutional framework of society. Political disputes are inclined toRead MoreThe United States995 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIt has been a well-known fact that the United States has been a model example for the world since its inception. Through the course of time, the influence of the United States has slowly grown. The roots of this influence lie within the core of the United States government and have since branched out into language, the arts, food, and more (Zimmerman). While these aforementioned examples have largely come around in the past century, the origin of this proces s was first defined in around 1800 (Dictionary)Read MoreThe United States859 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescapital or income for people, feeding families and providing fresh produce based on organic gardening and micro-farming projects. According to Smalls the unemployment rate in South Africa is around 25%, which is significantly higher compared to the United States unemployment of 5.4%. So, if people who are unemployed are willing to put in the hard work than, Abalimi Bezekhaya is a good fit for them. In particular, women typically do more of the domestic care like cooking and so being a part of the AbalimiRead MoreThe United States1980 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe United States continues to be in the spotlight, especially during an election year and specifically when it comes to immigration. Most recently I was intrigued by an article I read, titled Ã¢â¬Å" ArticleÃ¢â¬Å"that talked about the unprecedented number of unaccompanied children crossing our U.S. Borders illegally. What began as a n intriguing subject that sparked my interest evolved into a desire to expand my knowledge on the subject of immigration, particularly these unaccompanied children crossing our
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
An acute response of the musculoskeletal system during exercise includes an increase in blood supply. The short term effects on your muscles increases the temperature therefore there is more activation energy so chemical reactions are used by the musculoskeletal system and the metabolic activity increases. As the oxygen demand increases, more oxygenated blood needs to be supplied to the muscles so vasodilatation occurs so more blood can pass through the arteries. This affected me during the bleep test because vasodilation allows more oxygenated blood to travel to the actively respiring muscle tissues. Other acute responses which occur to the musculoskeletal system during exercise include an increase in muscle pliability. If your muscles get warmer because of the contraction temperature is going to rise this makes them more pliable and reduces the risk of injury. Pliability is the stretchiness of the muscles. There is also an increase in the synovial fluid at the joint. We will write a custom essay sample on Unit 2 repsonse of acute excerise or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The short term effects of exercise on your muscle may result in the joints become less viscous because the fluid allows a larger range of movement and pliability. The musculoskeletal response has an effect on the flexibility of the muscles during and after exercise. During exercise I got 18 cm in the sit and reach test and post exercise was 17 cm this shows that exercise has an effect on muscle pliability during acute exercise. Muscle fibre micro tears During exercise your muscles are put under stress due to constant contractions this stress can then lead to tears in the muscle fibres, if the body has the correct nutrients during recovery periods the muscle can then repair itself and become stronger this can lead to a increase in muscular endurance. During acute exercise the energy system that is used within the first 10 seconds is the creatine phosphate system this for example a dancer would be able to stretch the muscles apart more and would be able to perform things such as splits. Exercise also causes our body to produce more synovial fluid which keeps are joints lubricated so the bones dont cause damage when rubbing against each other, this mainly happens in the knees but also in other joints enegery system Another effect on muscles is that they have increased blood flow allowing them to create more ATP in the muscle cells which thereby creates more energy for our muscles to use for exercise. Which is why our muscles warm up so much when exercising since so much warm blood gets pumped to our moving muscles which also create friction between the muscle fibers. This relates to why it is so important for athletes to warm up so they dont tear any muscles and can generate quicker and more accurate movements and also move in a wider range of movement and making our muscles more efficient. The main short term effect that happens to the cardiovascular system is our heart rate increases during exercise. Depending on how hard your working our heart rate will increase, if your exercising hard for long periods our heart rate will keep increasing until reaching a peak. Cardiovascular Another short term effect is that when we exercise our blood pressure increases since our heart pumps faster. Which then increases our flow rate which increases the speed at which blood is delivered to our muscles Vasodilation and vasoconstriction is what make the blood travel to were it is needed such as our muscles, lungs and hearts and away from were it is not needed such as inactive organs which makes the system more efficient Another short term effect is that the blood vessels in our skin dilate to let more blood come to the surface of our skin which helps keep ourselves cool during exercise, since exercise generates heat in our muscles. All types of exercise require energy but the amount needed depends on the intensity and duration. exercises such as 100M sprints need alot of energy for a short duration of time, but events like marathons require a medium, consistent energy supply for a long period of time, and all enegy is used to contract muscles. Energy comes from a few things. From our diet, mostly carbohydrates such as potatos or pasta, but also comes from the oxygen in the air we breath Energy Inside the cells in the muscles is an organelle called mitochondria which turns the oxygen into ATP which is then used as the fuel for energy. Creatine phosphate energy system This energy system is an instant energy and is used for exercises that require short bursts of hard energy like sprinting. The primary source of this system is ATP and is boosted by creatine. A supplement which is high in creatine is taken by professional runners such as Usain Bolt and creatine increases the energy his muscles can store at one moment, so when the ATP is running low creatine helps resupply the ATP, and more creatine means you would be able to sprint faster or lift heavier weights. When you use up all the creatine, you start to become fatigued and exhausted and start to slow down and move to the aerobic system. Lactic acid system be best for a 400M sprint, but it wouldnt be good for any long term events the energy comes from the breakdown of glucose and glycogen which produce ATP and no oxygen is used in this process so the body is working anaerobically. The system can put up with 60-90 seconds of high intensity work and can be done on this system. However the problem with this system is that it produces lactic acid which defuses into the blood and muscles. However if it doesnt defuse it builds up and can cause discomfort in the muscles and muscles dont contract properly and causes cramps, the easiest way to get rid of lactic acid is to exercise more and make sure you do a good cool down after exercise. Running on this system can cause fatigue and you will need to slow down and move to aerobic. Aerobic energy system Aerobic energy system This system is used in long distances of exercise as it uses oxygen which we have no shortage of and is constantly available it would be used in places such as marathons, as you are running at a steady pace for a long duration of time and dont require bursts of energy. during everyday exercise such as walking to work this system is used however this energy system is slow to produce energy so the body also breaks down any food and stored fat to help this energy system keep up with demands. When at a slow pace your body would use fat as the energy source and would brake it down with enzymes, but if you are on this system and speed up you will move on to your lactic acid system. There are a few short term effect of exercise on the respiratory system respiratory system] There are a few short term effect of exercise on the respiratory system, the most common being that when we exercise we breath more deeply and faster in order to take in more oxygen and release carbon dioxide which is called our tidal volume. On average at resting rates we take in around 15 breaths per minute, but when we exercise this increases. Another effect would be that the diaphragm muscles work harder and stretch further in order for the lungs to expand more and take more air in at once. as we exercise at a high capacity our breathing rate increases by a lot but each person has there own maximum breathing rate which is called VO2 maximum. So during exercise vital capacity increases to keep up with demands for energy being used by our muscles.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
An important sixth-century ship burial was found at: SUTTON-HOO, ENGLAND The most important patrons of the arts during the early medieval period were: THE CLERGY An important Ottian chuch was built at Hildesheim under: BISHOP BERNWARD The purse cover from Sutton-Hoo is a good example of: SAXON INTERLACE Which term means Ã¢â¬Å"fear of empty spacesÃ¢â¬ in Latin and refers to a stylistic convention of covering an entire surface with patterns and figures, leaving virtually no empty spaces? - HORROR VACUII Architecturally, Pisa Cathedral is most similar in style to: EARLY CHRISTIAN BASILICAS SUCH AS OLD ST. PETERS Which of the following statements best describes the cultural context of Romanesque Europe? CHURCH FLOOR PLANS DEVELOP TO ACCOMMODATE LARGE CROWDS OF PILGRIMS, WHO STIMULATE ECONOMIC GROWTH ALONG PILGRIMAGE ROUTES Romanesque is a term that means Roman was first coined by the Emperor Charlemagne. FALSE A Tympanum is the area above a Romanesque cathedral door reserved for sculpture that incorporates horror vacuii, reminding the view that the subject resembles a heavenly vision. We will write a custom essay sample on Gothic Architecture and Following Stylistic Terms or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page TRUE The dates for the Romanesque Period are: 1TH TO EARLY 13TH CENTURY Which statement best describes the overall ambiance of a typical Romanesque church? WEIGHTY, HEAVY, DARK AND EARTHBOUND A vault that springs from two walls over a space and is created when two barrel vaults intersect at right angles creating a type of junction or intersection is called a: GROIN VAULT Which architectural features are NOT found in a Romanesque church floorplan? FLYING BUTTRESSES AND SPIRES The Head Reliquary of St. Alexander: CONTAINED THE REMAINS OF THE POPE SAINT Romanesque sculpture can be described as stylized and full of Christian symbolism. TRUE Pilgrimages were a large factor in the construction of Romanesque basilicas. - TRUE To whom was the Notre Dame de Paris dedicted to? THE VIRGIN MARY The nave elevation may contain a nave- arcade, tribune gallery, triforium, and clerestory. TRUE This person revived Platonic ideas (Neo-Platonism) which suggests that looking at and contemplating beautiful objects, sacred images, and architecture, leads oneÃ¢â¬â¢s sol into closer union with the Divine. ABBOT SUGER Chartres Cathedral housed which relic? THE SACRED TUNIC OF THE VIRGIN MARY Which element is characteristically Gothic? FLYING BUTTRESS Gothic architecture is characterized by all except: DARK INTERIORS Gothis is a word that comes from the reference to the Goths (Visigoth and Ostrigoths) who were barbarian peoples settling in Europe around in the 4th century A. D. TRUE Which exterior architectural element helped distribute the weight of the walls of Gothic churches? FLYING BUTTRESS Abbot Suger did NOT coin the term GOTHIC TRUE Gothic was a term invented in the: RENAISSANCE Abbot Suger was inspired by which of the following? - DIONYSIUS THE AREOPAGITE Which artist was considered the truest imitator of nature? GIOTTO Which of the following stylistic terms refers to the medium and process of applying a thin layer of fresh plaster on an existing plaster surface and then immediately applying color pigments which, upon drying, become a permanent part of the wall surface? FRESCO Cimabue was GiottoÃ¢â¬â¢s teacher. TRUE Duccio was a celebrated Florentine painter. FALSE Which of the following terms refers to the modeling of light and dark which begins to appear at the beginning of the Trescento (1300s) with artists like Cimabue, Duccio and Giotto? CHIAROSCURO Which images is an example of the maniera greca? ST. FRANCIS ALTERPIECE Maniera Greca refers to art of Ducento or Trecento Italy, which was influenced by the art of the medieval Greeks or Byzantine peoples. - TRUE Which of the following terms refers to the study of symbolic, often religious, meaning of objects, persons, or events depicted in works of art? ICONOGRAPHY Which of the following is an example of a genre scene? MAY FROM THE TRES RICHES HEURES Northern Renaissance artists were preoccupied with creating momentarily of form FALSE Which of the following is an example of disguised symbolism? THE ANNUNCIATION Ã¢â¬Å"MEDRODEÃ¢â¬ ALTERPIECE Northern Renaissance art reflects an interest in the world of appearance that was influenced by a growing sense of humanism in the north as well as a new personalizing of the religious experience. - TRUE In Italy during the fifteenth century, intellectuals and artists increasingly turned their attention to a revival of classical learning and ideals. TRUE Botticelli was influenced by neo-Platonism. TRUE Which of the following terms refers to the visual device of making an object ppear to recede dramatically into space? FORESHORTENING Which of the following terms refers to the scientifically understood distribution of the weights and balances of the body with corresponding high or lower hip and shoulder to the weight bearing leg or side? CONTROPPOSTO Which of the following terms refers to compositions which have a single vanishing point? ONE-POINT SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE Varsar i wrote which of the following? LIVES OF THE ARTISTS One of the distinguishing features of Italian Renaissance art is the use of scientific one-point perspective to create illusionistic spaces. TRUE Which of the following terms refers to the emphasis on education and on expanding knowledge (especially of classical antiquity), the exploration of individual potential and a desire to excel, and ca commitment to civic responsibility and moral duty? HUMANISM Which of the following terms refers to the lines (imaginary, suggested, and painted or indicated) which can be traced from architectural features, tessellated floors, and other compositional elements converging upon a single vanishing point?
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Vietnam Facts, History, and Profile In the western world, the word Vietnam is almost always followed by the word War. However, Vietnam has more than 1,000 years of recorded history, and it is much more interesting than just the events of the mid-20th century. Vietnams people and economy were devastated by the process of decolonization and decades of war, but today, the country is well on its way to recovery. Capital and Major Cities Capital: Hanoi, population 7.5 million Major Cities: Ho Chi Minh CityÃ (formerly Saigon), 8.6 millionHai Phong, 1.6 millionCan Tho, 1.3 millionDa Nang, 1.1 million Government Politically, Vietnam is a one-party Communist state. As in China, however, the economy is increasingly capitalistic. The head of government in Vietnam is the Prime Minister, currently NguyÃ¡ »â¦n XuÃ ¢n PhÃ ºc. The President is the nominal head of state; the incumbent is NguyÃ¡ »â¦n PhÃ º TrÃ¡ » ng. Of course, both are top members of the Vietnamese Communist Party. Vietnams unicameral legislature, the National Assembly of Vietnam, has 496 members and is the highest branch of the government. Even the judiciary falls under the National Assembly. The top court is the Supreme Peoples Court; lower courts include provincial municipal courts and local district courts. Population As of 2018, Vietnam has about 94.6 million people, of whom more than 85% are ethnic Kinh or Viet people. However, the remaining 15% include members of more than 50 different ethnic groups. Some of the largest groups are the Tay, 1.9%; Tai, 1.7%; Muong, 1.5%; Khmer Krom, 1.4%; Hoa and Nung, 1.1% each; and Hmong, at 1%. Languages The official language of Vietnam is Vietnamese, which is part of the Mon-Khmer language group. Spoken Vietnamese is tonal. Vietnamese was written in Chinese characters until the 13th century when Vietnam developed its own set of characters, chu nom. In addition to Vietnamese, some citizens speak Chinese, Khmer, French, or the languages of small mountain-dwelling ethnic groups. English is increasingly popular as a second language, as well. Religion Vietnam is non-religious due to its Communist government. However, in this case, Karl Marxs antipathy to religion is overlaid on a rich and varied tradition of different Asian and western faiths, and the government recognizes six religions. As a result, 80% of Vietnamese self-identify as belonging to no religion, yet many of them continue to visit religious temples or churches and to offer prayers to their ancestors. Those Vietnamese who identify with a particular religion report their affiliations as follows: Vietnamese folk religion- 73.2%; Buddhist- 12.2%, Catholic Christian- 6.8%, Cao Dai- 6.8%, Hoa Hao- 1.4%, and less than 1% Muslim or Protestant Christian. Geography and Climate Vietnam has an area of 331,210 sq km (127,881 sq miles), along with the eastern coastal strip of Southeast Asia. The majority of the land is hilly or mountainous and heavily forested, with only about 20% flatlands. Most cities and farms are concentrated around river valleys and deltas. Vietnam borders on China, Laos, and Cambodia. The highest point is Fan Si Pan, at 3,144 meters (10,315 feet) elevation. The lowest point is sea level. Vietnams climate varies with both latitude and elevation, but generally, it is tropical and monsoonal. The weather tends to be humid year-round, with substantial rainfall during the summer rainy season and less during the winter dry season. Temperatures do not vary much throughout the year, generally, with an average around 23Ã °C (73Ã °F). The highest temperature ever recorded was 42.8Ã °C (109 Ã °F), and the lowest was 2.7Ã °C (37Ã °F). Economy Vietnams economic growth remains hampered by the governments control of many factories as state-owned enterprises (SOEs). These SOEs produce almost 40% of the countrys GDP. Perhaps inspired by the success of Asias capitalist tiger economies, however, the Vietnamese recently declared a policy of economic liberalization and joined the WTO. In 2016, Vietnams GDP growth was 6.2 percent, driven by export-oriented manufacturing and robust domestic demand. Per capita GDP as of 2013 was $2,073 US, with an unemployment rate of just 2.1% and a poverty rate of 13.5%. A total of 44.3% of the labor force work in agriculture, 22.9% in industry, and 32.8% in the service sector. Vietnam exports clothes, shoes, crude oil, and rice. It imports leather and textiles, machinery, electronics, plastics, and automobiles. The Vietnamese currency is the dong. As of 2019, 1 USD 23216 dong. History of Vietnam Artifacts of human habitation in what is now Vietnam date back more than 22,000 years, but it is likely that humans have lived in the area for much longer. Archaeological evidence shows that bronze casting in the area began around 5,000 BCE, and spread north to China. Around 2,000 BCE, the Dong Son Culture introduced rice cultivation into Vietnam. To the south of the Dong Son were the Sa Huynh people (c. 1000 BCEÃ¢â¬â200 CE), ancestors of the Cham people. Maritime traders, the Sa Huynh exchanged merchandise with peoples in China, Thailand, the Philippines and Taiwan. In 207 BCE, the first historic kingdom of Nam Viet was established in northern Vietnam and southern China by Trieu Da, a former governor for the Chinese Qin Dynasty. However, the Han Dynasty conquered Nam Viet in 111 BCE, ushering in the First Chinese Domination, which lasted until 39 CE. Between 39 and 43 CE, sisters Trung Trac and Trung Nhi lead a revolt against the Chinese, and briefly ruled independent Vietnam. The Han Chinese defeated and killed them in 43 CE, however, marking the beginning of the Second Chinese Domination, which lasted until 544 CE. Led by Ly Bi, northern Vietnam broke away from the Chinese again in 544, despite the southern Champa kingdoms alliance with China. The First Ly Dynasty ruled northern Vietnam (Annam) until 602 when once again China conquered the region. This Third Chinese Domination lasted through 905 CE when the Khuc family overcame Tang Chinese rule of the Annam area. Several short-lived dynasties followed in quick succession until the Ly Dynasty (1009Ã¢â¬â1225 CE) took control. The Ly invaded Champa and also moved into Khmer lands in what is now Cambodia. In 1225, the Ly were overthrown by the Tran Dynasty, who ruled until 1400. The Tran famously defeated three Mongol invasions, first by Mongke Khan in 1257Ã¢â¬â58, and then by Kublai Khan in 1284Ã¢â¬â85 and 1287Ã¢â¬â88. The Ming Dynasty of China managed to take Annam in 1407 and controlled it for two decades. Vietnams longest-reigning Dynasty, the Le, next ruled from 1428 to 1788. The Le Dynasty instituted Confucianism and a Chinese-style civil service exam system. It also conquered the former Champa, extending Vietnam to its current borders. Between 1788 and 1802, peasant revolts, small local kingdoms, and chaos prevailed in Vietnam. The Nguyen Dynasty took control in 1802, and ruled until 1945, first in their own right, then as puppets of French imperialism (1887Ã¢â¬â1945), and also as puppets of the occupying Japanese Imperial forces during World War II. At the end of the Second World War, France demanded the return of its colonies in French Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos). The Vietnamese wanted independence, so this touched off the First Indochina War (1946Ã¢â¬â1954). In 1954, the French withdrew and Vietnam was partitioned with the promise of democratic elections. However, the North under communist leader Ho Chi Minh invaded the US-supported South later in 1954, marking the beginning of the Second Indochina War, also called the Vietnam War (1954Ã¢â¬â1975). The North Vietnamese eventually won the war in 1975 and reunited Vietnam as a Communist country. Vietnams army overran neighboring Cambodia in 1978, driving the genocidal Khmer Rouge out of power. Since the 1970s, Vietnam has slowly liberalized its economic system and recovered from decades of war. Sources and Further Reading Goscha, Christopher. Vietnam: A New History. New York: Basic Books, 2016.Ã Pariona, Ameber. The Economy Of Vietnam. WorldAtlas, Apr. 25, 2017.Ã SarDesai, D.R. Vietnam Past and Present. New York: Routledge, 2018.Sawe, Benjamin Elisha. Largest Ethnic Groups In Vietnam. WorldAtlas, Jul. 18, 2019.Sousa, Gregory. Major Religions in Vietnam. WorldAtlas, Jul. 24, 2018.Summary Statistics of Vietnam 2018.Ã Ha Noi: General Statistics Office of Viet Nam, 2018Ã Vietnam- Country Partnership Framework for the Period FY18Ã¢â¬âFY22 (English). Report No. 111771. Washington DC: World Bank Group, 2017.Vietnam. World Factbook, Center for the Study of Intelligence. Washington DC: Center Intelligence Agency, 2018.
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Business Cycles and Concepts - Research Paper Example Hence, the rate of unemployment can be referred to as the number of people who are actively looking for work divided by the workforce. Changes in the rate of unemployment mostly depend on the inflows made up of unemployed persons who are beginning to look for jobs, of employed persons who lose their work and look for new ones and of people who stop looking for employment. Related terms are the labor force, the rate of participation as well as the rate of employment. The labor force is referred to as the number of persons employed plus the number of people unemployed, although looking for jobs. The non-labor force entails those who are not currently searching for jobs, people who are institutionalized like in psychiatric wards or prisons, children, stay-at home spouses, and those serving in the military. The rate of participation on the other hand is the number of people currently in the labor force divided by the population of working age group that are not institutionalized. Hence t he rate of employment referred to as the number of persons currently employed divided by the working age population (Timmons, 2008). The rate of unemployment is South Africa has increased in the third quarter of 2012 to 25.50 percent from 24.90 percent in the 2012 second quarter. The rate of unemployment in South Africa is reported by the Statistics South Africa. ... The graph of the trend of rate of unemployment in South Africa According to studies, the reason for high rates of unemployment is more of internal than external. This is what Hart, chief economist at Investment Solutions, said in Johannesburg while speaking at a Johannesburg Chamber of Commerce and Industry breakfast. Hart compared the rate of unemployment in South Africa to that of Brazil. Both the countries began decreasing in 2002, then the global financial crisis in 2008. Many jobs were created between 2008 and 2002. Although the rate of unemployment in Brazil decreased, the same could not be said for South Africa. Hart asserted that the rates of unemployment means that the country needs to look at it as a priority of the nation. This is because job creation appeared to be one of the lowest policy priorities. He continued to say that the countries who have the same unemployment levels with South Africa are Spain and Greece who at that time were in deep crisis. Small businesses ma de difference in these countries including Brazil. Therefore South African policies need to be changed and more than three million small businesses need to be created to cater for the ever increasing rates of unemployment (Timmons, 2008). References Timmons, J. (2008). Causes and Effects of Unemployment Rates. London: